The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body, starting in the low back and extending through the buttocks and down the leg to the ankle and foot. Sciatic nerve pain refers to the pain that radiates from your back down your buttocks and leg.

What are the causes of sciatic nerve pain?

Sciatic nerve pain is a symptom of a problem. If you are suffering from sciatic nerve pain there is something irritating or putting pressure on the nerve roots associated with the sciatic nerve. The underlying conditions that could be causing sciatica pain include:

  • Bulging disc or ruptured disc
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Bone spurs
  • Pinched nerve
  • Trauma or accident

What are sciatica symptoms?

Sciatica symptoms include the following:

  • Burning, numbness, or tingling pain radiating from the lower back down the back of the leg
  • Sitting or standing for long periods of time makes the pain worse
  • Walking or lying down tends to relieve the sciatica pain symptoms

How is sciatic nerve pain diagnosed?

Sciatica pain is diagnosed by a physical exam and review of your medical history. However, there are also additional tests that may be needed. Those tests include:

  • X-ray
  • CT scan (Computerized tomography scan)
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)

What are sciatica treatments?

Sciatica treatments depend on the underlying cause of the sciatica pain. However, sciatica treatments may include the following:

  • Pain medications
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Muscle relaxants
  • Antidepressants
  • Anticonvulsants
  • Opioid analgesics
  • Heat and cold
  • Physical therapy
  • Injections such as Epidural injections
  • Bed rest
  • Walking
  • Surgery

For additional information on sciatic nerve pain, please call 866-228-1108 to request an appointment with one of our Southeast Pain and Spine Care pain management providers or click to Request an Appointment.