Arthritis is one of the most common causes of joint pain, with more than 100 types of arthritic conditions, and affects about 1 in 4 US adults. Also, it is more common in women than in men, affecting 23.5% and 18.1% respectively. In addition, a substantial number of adults with doctor-diagnosed arthritis have limitations in performing their daily activities. And the prevalence of the diagnosis is expected to increase in the coming decades. The symptoms include swelling and inflammation, causing pain and movement problems.
However, it’s not all about the bad news, the good news is, regular physical activities can reduce pain, manage symptoms, and improve functions. Also, thanks to the advancements in medical technology, there are safe and effective treatments to relieve pain such as injection therapy. Here’s all you need to know about injection treatment for arthritis:
Types of Injections that Help with Arthritis
Injection therapy involves a combination of injectables and a numbing agent injected directly into the joint affected by arthritis. There are different types of injections that help relieve arthritis pain. Below are the types and how they work to alleviate pain:
They contain corticosteroids (a potent anti-inflammatory medication) and a numbing agent that offers fast pain relief. You feel better within 48 hours, and the injections’ impacts last to a month. Corticosteroid injections reduce inflammation while allowing you to continue with your physical therapy exercises.
Hyaluronic Acid Injections
These injections contain hyaluronic acid that lubricates the joints. The acid helps to manage osteoarthritis by lubricating the joints and reducing inflammation. The hyaluronic acid injection can last up to six months, although you need one injection for five weeks to experience its full effects.
An epidural injection is used to relieve pain in the arms, legs, and spine. It combines an anesthetic with a corticosteroid. Epidurals vary from corticosteroids in that they are exclusively administered in the epidural region outside the spinal cord.
Facet Joint Injections
This injection is used to treat discomfort in the lower, middle, and upper back. It is injected into the facet joints at the back of the spine and immediately relieves back pain.
Stem Cell Injections
Cellular therapy involves the use of primitive cells that develops into various cells. Injections of these cells in the joint help regenerate the joint cartilage, reducing joint pain.
What Does the Procedure Entail, and Is it Safe?
Injection therapy involves a relatively painless, safe, and quick procedure that can take up to 30 minutes. Patients can go home the same day. Here is what it entails:
- Identifying the injection area
- Applying a local anesthetic to numb the area
- Injection of the pain-relieving treatment (Stem cells, hyaluronic acid, or corticosteroid)
What to Expect from Injection Therapy for Arthritis
You receive a different therapy injection depending on the severity of your arthritis, treatment goals, and the potential allergies you may have. Here are some of the things to expect from injection therapy:
- Physical examination to evaluate your overall health and the severity of your arthritis.
- Doctor’s overview of the injection procedure and the recovery process
- Local anesthetic to numb your injection area
- A relatively painless and quick injection
- Monitoring to track any side effects and guide on managing them
Schedule An Appointment to Get Relief
If you have arthritis-related joint pain, consider injection therapy. Your doctor evaluates the severity of your problem and decides on the best sort of injection for you.
At Southeast Pain and Spine Care, we focus on interventional pain injections to relieve arthritis pain throughout North Carolina. Our pain management specialists assess you to determine the type of injection to manage your pain. Fill out the form below to contact us and schedule an appointment.